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Inventar Nr.: GS 20352, fol. 55
 
Werktitel: Das Amt des Richters
nach Werkverzeichnis: The Bench
Beteiligte Personen:
Künstler:William Hogarth (1697 - 1764)
Verleger:William Hogarth (1697 - 1764)
Inventor:Raffael (1483 - 1520)
Leonardo da Vinci (1452 - 1519)
Datierung:
Entstehung der Platte:2.9.1758 - 1764 (in der Platte)
Technik: Kupferstich, Radierung
Maße: 30,9 x 21,2 cm (Blattmaß)
Beschriftungen: in der Platte: Design'd & Engrav'd by W. Hogarth; The BENCH.; Publish'd as the Act directs. 4 Sep. 1758.; Of the different meaning of the Words Character, Caracatura and Outrè in Painting and Drawing; There are hardly any two things more essentially different than Character and Caracatura. nevertheless they are usually confounded and mistaken for each other; on which account this Explanation is attempted It has ever been allow'd that, when a Character is strongly mark'd in the living Face, it may be consider'd as an Index of the mind, to express which with any degree of justness in Painting, requires the utmost Efforts of a great Master. Now that which has, of late Years, got the name of Caracatura, is, or ought to be totally divested of every Stroke that hath a tendency to good Drawing; it may be said to be a Species of Lines that are produc'd rather by the hand of chance than of Skill; for the early Scrawlings of a Child which do but barely hint an Idea of an Human Face, will always be found to be like some Person or other, and will often form such a Comical Resemblance as in all probability the most eminent Caracaturers of these times will not be able to equal with Design be cause their Ideas of Objets are so much more perfect than Childrens, that they will unavoidably introduce some kind of Drawing: for all the humourous Effects of the fashionable manner of Caracaturing chiefly dependon the surprize we are under at finding ourselves caught with any sort of Similitude in objects absolutely remote in their kind. Let it be observ'd the more remote in their Nature the greater is the Excellence of these Pieces; as a proof of this, I remember a famous Caracatura of a certain Italian Singer, that Struck at first sight, which consisted only of a Streight perpendicular Stroke with a Dot over it. As to the French word Outrè it is different from the foregoing, and signifies nothing more than the exagerated outlines of a Figure, all the parts of which may be in other respects a perfect and true Picture of Nature. A Giantor a dwarf may be call'd a common man Outrè. So any part as a Nose, or a Leg, made bigger or less than it ought to be, is that part Outrè, † which is all that is to be understood by this word, so injuditiously us'd to the prejudice of Character. -- See Excess Analysis of Beauty. Chap. 6.; *** The unfinish'd Groupe of Heads in the upper part of this Print was added by the Author in Octr 1764: & was intended as a further illustration of what is here said concerning Character Caracatura & Outrè, He worked upon it the Day before His Death which happened on the 26th. of that Month.
Geogr. Bezüge:
Verlagsort: Großbritannien, London
IconClass: 31A235   sitzende Figur
31A221   Kopf (als Teil des menschlichen Körpers)
49L51   Schreibfeder
31A5331   Perücke
44G13   Richteramt, Richter
32A7   Charaktere (Menschentypen)
32A5   Karikaturen (von Menschentypen)


Literatur:
  • Paulsen, Ronald: Hogarth's Graphic Works. First complete Edition. Volume 1: Introduction and catalogue. New Haven (u. a.) 1965, S. 238, Kat.Nr. 205 V(VI).


Letzte Aktualisierung: 11.11.2018


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